For almost two decades Somalia has not had a central government and Somalis are under violent behaviour since the collapse of Siad Barre regime in 1991. Somalia has experienced dramatic environmental shifts following two decades of insecurity and chaos in the country.
The protracted crisis has led to an unsustainable use of the country’s resources. Corrupt businessmen, warlords, and other violent radical groups, with the help of external spoilers, have contributed to deforestation and depletion of Somalia wildlife resources.
Today the entire people in this world are fighting to solve the climate change and most of international and regional climate campaigners are busy how it can be easy to solve without doing critical approach.
However, In 2007 the climate has been particularly harsh in Somalia:
- first, the heavy rains at parts in the caused flooding in central Somalia as well as the droughts in the other parties caused a lot of problems that affected the people and the animals. But the rainy season itself was a disappointment, and water shortage made it impossible to replenish the reservoirs. Cereal production this year of 2009 is at 30% of the average for the last decade.
- secondly, clashes between Islamist-led insurgents and Somalia government along with AMISOM forces pushed many Somalis to flee their homes and some displaced persons in camps are victims of the December 2004 tsunami who lost their fishing boats and came to towns inland hoping for help.
Their villages and communities were almost 5,000 kilometres from the epicentre of the earthquake that caused the tsunami, and yet they were not spared.
The cutting of trees and the making of charcoal have led to deforestation and desertification and, as a result, made the country more vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. The lives and livelihoods of Somalia farmers and of the local communities have been seriously affected by the impacts of the climate change.
It is also believed, that toxic wastes are being dumped into the unprotected Somali territorial waters. Dead fish and closed barrels with chemical contents have been seen floating over the Somali territorial waters.
The impacts of the climate change are already causing coastal erosion and possibly a rise in the level of Somalia seas. The lives and livelihoods of Somali fishermen along Somalia 3333-km coast are being seriously jeopardized.
Somalia, coastal infrastructures are being affected. The displacement of people and the proliferation of piracy constitute a very serious dilemma for a country that is trying hard to bail itself out of the predicament that has lasted for a long time.
Somalia continues to witness extreme weather events, changes in weather patterns, floods and droughts, and the vanishing of its biodiversity. Agricultural production, food security and access to water resources are being severely compromised by climate change. Human health is also impacted by the climate change. Malaria and other vector-borne diseases are now prevalent in areas that were not previously endemic. This is indicative of the fact that the impacts of climate change have altered the ecology of the vectors that transmit certain virulent pathogens that cause some of the most debilitating diseases in the country.
Apart from that, Somalis are also suffering. From late 2008 up to the present time foreign helicopters patrolling warships in Somali waters have been poaching and stealing wildlife from the coastal villages in North Eastern Somalia and some Elders and nomadic families of the coastal villages in Puntland, a self-declared state in northeastern Somalia, are suffering from foreign helicopters that are hunting and stealing wildlife on the outskirts of the villages in coastal areas. The most targeted areas by the flying poachers are Nugal, Karkar and Mudug regions.