The Somali Media for Environment, Science, Health and Agriculture (SOMESHA) is today delighted to take part the moving Planet day of action on the 24th of September – a day to move beyond fossil fuels and towards a future safe from climate change.
For almost two decades Somalia has not had a central government and Somalis are under violent behavior since the collapse of Somalia’s military government in 1991. However, from 2007 to 2011 the climate has been particularly harsh in Somalia:
First of all, the systemic climate threats caused food and water decrease as well lack of good agricultural system in across the country.
Secondly, clashes between Islamist-led insurgents and Somalia government along with AMISOM forces pushed many Somalis to flee their homes and some displaced persons in camps are among the victims of the December 2004 tsunami who lost their fishing boats and came to towns inland hoping for help.
Accept for those displaced the continuing droughts hit the countrywide their villages and communities were almost 5,000 kilometres from the epicentre of the earthquake that caused the tsunami, and yet they were not spared.
The cutting of trees and the making of charcoal have led to deforestation and desertification and, as a result, made the country more vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. The lives and livelihoods of Somalia farmers and of the local communities have been seriously affected by the impacts of the climate change.
It is also believed, that toxic wastes are being dumped into the unprotected Somali territorial waters. Dead fish and closed barrels with chemical contents have been seen floating over the Somali territorial waters.
The impacts of the climate change are already causing coastal erosion and possibly a rise in the level of Somalia seas. The lives and livelihoods of Somali fishermen along Somalia 3333-km coast are being seriously jeopardized.
The current drought situation continues to cause displacement, particularly of the pastoralist communities in various parts of the country. On July 22, 2011 the United Nations declared a statement dedicating that famine exists in two regions of southern Somalia: southern Bakool and Lower Shabelle. Across the country and UN also stated that nearly half of the Somali populations are in crisis.
However, Somalia people is currently celebrating Al-Shabab withdrew from most parts of the capital earlier last month, thousands of Somalis are starting gathering hotels and the national stadiums to celebrate the pullout of al-Shabab militants from the most of the capital of Somalia Mogadishu.
Foreign visitors to Mogadishu are a scarcity, but since al-Shabab recently made withdrawal from the capital, a few international politicians have come to see for themselves the thousands of famine victims pouring into the city.
The Djiboutian president Ismail Omar Guelleh arrived at war decimated Mogadishu on August 16, 2011 to see the famine affected Somalis at IDPs similarly on August 19, 2011 the Turkey’s Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan and his family have arrived in Somalia’s capital to highlight the need for greater famine relief.
Finally, the good logically developments is drawing the good will of Somalis and the tangible hope of Somalia to move from Anarchy and chaos to fragile state in order to finalize the prolonged civil war in across the country over the last two decades.