The Federal Government of Somalia was made constantly and deliberately actions against the persistence of Somalia’s peace and reconciliation process to end the prolonged religiously motivated violence in Somalia due to lack of strategic policy implementation.
Although the Federal Charter provides for religious freedom, there were limits on the extent to which this right was respected in practice. A large majority of citizens are Sunni Muslims of a Sufi tradition. There is a very small, extremely low-profile Christian community, and small numbers of followers of other religions. The number of adherents of strains of conservative Islam and the number of Islamic schools supported by religiously conservative sources continued to grow.
The Federal Government of Somalia generally did not enforce legal protections of religious freedom. There was a decline in the status of respect for religious freedom during the reporting period. First and foremost, Somalia have been religiously motivated violence since 2005 when The Islamic Courts Union took of the control of most regions in Somalia and was a group of sharia courts that united themselves to form a rival administration to the transitional federal government of Somalia.
Recently, Sheikh Hassan Dahir Aweys flew to Mogadishu and was arrested on arrival at Mogadishu airport by the federal government security forces despite objections from the delegation accompanying him. Yusuf Mohamed Siyad, ‘Indha Adde’ who was a former minister and Islamic Courts Union officials as Aweys, who arrived in Mogadishu with him, said Sheikh Aweys had gone to Mogadishu on the understanding he would hold talks with government officials. He claimed the government had broken its promises when it arrested Sheikh Aweys.
Sheikh Hassan Dahir Aweys, who has been a leader of Al-Itihaad Al Islamiya and head of the Islamic Courts Union in 2006 and who helped to organize Al-Shabaab, set up Hizbul Islam in 2008-9. When Hizbul Islam and Al-Shabaab clashed over control of Kismayo, he joined Al-Shabaab but now seems that he was planning to withdraw from Shabab. If he accepted to withdraw shabab and a void them he would be a key instrumental person who can rid of Shabab elements and ending the ongoing religiously motivated violence in Somalia.
On Wednesday September 18, 2013 the spokesman of Hizbul Islam Mr. Mohamed Moalim was also arrested by the Federal Government Security Forces in Mogadishu a four days after when he did a press conference and declare that he was not longer be part of armed Islamist organization along with his colleagues and remain to be a Islamic political party and government opposition in a peaceful manner.
The Secretary General of the Somali Media for Environment, Science, Health and Agriculture (SOMESHA) Mr. Daud Abdi Daud who is also a member of the International Association of Religion Journalists (IARJ) and country coordinator of the United Religions Initiative (URI) disappointed how the Federal Government of Somalia is planning to shift country’s peace and reconciliation processes in a peaceful manner.
“Towards looking for the sustainable peace in Somalia I urge the civil society of Somalia to Promote in the Republic of Somalia transparency of decision-making in all matters of importance to the public by ensuring the right to freedom of expression, religion, public access to information and the development of free media”said Mr. Daud Abdi Daud, SOMESHA Secretary General
The Somali Media for Environment, Science, Health and Agriculture (SOMESHA) issued this statement on behalf of the World Peace day on 21 September, 2013 and calls the Federal Government of Somalia leaders to acknowledge their community participation rights and the right to create a new association or join.