Somalia agriculture along Jubba River in Southern and Shabelle regions and Hiiraan, Lower Jubba region located in Gedo Middle Jubba, Shabelle region such Middle Shabelle and Hiiraan passes both Jubba and Shabelle rivers rendering the soil more conducive to crops cultivation than the comparatively arid North regions where pastoralism has instead traditionally been practiced. Principle crops cultivated are Bananas, Sugar, Sorghum (Millet) and Corn and imports $460 Million per year according to the Central Bank of Somalia and have recorded even surpassed aggregate import prior to start of civil war in Somalia1991. Agriculture is the most important economic sector. It accounts for about 65% of the GDP and employs 65% of the workforce.
As currently announced that it would commence a new water management projects in Shabelle River to assist small scale cultivators and other projects are under way in Jubba River regions. Somalia has been without a functioning central government or systematical law and order for almost two decades. Somalia is fertile and arable land which has reliable rainfalls mostly as well as most of Somali regions are suitable for agriculture but now there are no countrywide sectors polices and regulatory frameworks. In addition, there is a lack of training institutions and facilities to develop a new cadre of professionals. By far the most important sector of the economy is agriculture, with livestock raising surpassing crop growing fourfold in value and earning about three-fifths of Somalia’s foreign exchange. Agriculture in Somalia is divided into three sub-sectors. The first is nomadic pastoralism, which is practiced outside the cultivation areas. This sector, focused on raising goats, sheep, camels, and cattle, has become increasingly market-oriented. The second sector is the traditional, chiefly subsistence, agriculture practiced by small farmers. This traditional sector takes two forms: rain-fed farming in the south and northwest, which raises sorghum, often with considerable head of livestock. The third one is export and market-oriented farming on large irrigated plantations along the lower Jubba and Shabelle rivers.
The presence of the Juba and Shabelle rivers and their associatedbroad flood plains provide the highest potential for agricultural production. Only a part of suitable agricultural land is currently utilized, thus allowing for future expansion and development where sufficient water is available to allow for sustainable expansion. Farmers in Somalia are receptive to new ideas and practices if the information is appropriately presented. Frustration from frequent crop failures and food shortages has created a desire for alternative sustainable solutions that can prevent further erosion of livelihood security. Existing results from pre-war agriculture research provide opportunities for production increases through, for example, the introduction of crops and varieties that have previously shown to be adapted and appropriate to Somali farmers. There is considerable scope for increasing the productivity of land currently under cultivation, in places where crop yields are typically low. Successive droughts in recent year hinder the agricultural society in Somalia and caused to depend to international donors, sometimes floods ravaged in Somalia farming sectors and that is resulted a devastative and created great of number of hunger and malnutrition.
Abdinasir Hirsi Iidle
Mobile: +252 615503978