Somalia has the longest coastline on the mainland. And has coastline in 13 regions of 18 regions of Somalia consisted. And small number benefited on that fishing sector, Prior to the start of the civil war in 1991, the country had a number of fishing hubs. Tuna and Lobster, and other high value marine stock were harvested locally for the domestic and international seafood markets. The government has since endeavored to work with local communities to rebuild the fisheries industry and normalize trade. Laas Qorey located fish factory which produced number of quantity and qualities fish and have both local and international markets also there are traditional boat fishing in Somalia which took part fish consumption in Somalia market, due in Somalia tradition way of life more using livestock meat decrease fish, but currently in urban areas has increasing to use in Restaurants and household. Referred to as the Fishermen Identification Database System, it is a $400,000 project financed by a Trust Fund from seven EU Member States. The database will provide fishermen in the region with a unique identification card; it uses biometric data, which can differentiate between the identities of individuals.
Somali fishing industry faces enormous problems such as piracy, illegal fishing and much more Illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing is a global problem that occurs both on the high seas and within the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) of coastal states. IUU fishing is an economic and environmental problem that costs the global economy developing countries are disproportionately affected by this crime, in part due to a lack of monitoring, control and surveillance (MCS) capacity within their sovereign jurisdiction. IUU fishing must be combatted regionally. An additional challenge in combatting IUU fishing in Somalia stems from the fact that their fisheries data is outdated and unreliable, which makes it difficult to quantify the level of IUU fishing. When last reported in 2005, the UN FAO identified 700 vessels that were actively fishing unlicensed and unregulated in Somalia’s tuna-filled waters. This absence of data creates obstacles for the management and conservation of Somali fisheries. Without knowing the status of stocks, it is difficult to manage marine resources and develop a fisheries licensing scheme that ensures sustainability. Additionally, with piracy’s continued decline, the maritime community can begin to turn its attention to identifying and combatting illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing in Somali waters and Western Indian Ocean region.
There are international outcries to save Somalia fishing industry and international donors are willing to support Somalia fishing. Due of declining of Somalia coastline piracy hoping to increase future fishing and understanding Somali’s of eating fish as daily food consumption.
Abdinasir Hirsi Iidle
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