The Somali Media for Environment, Science, Health and Agriculture (SOMESHA) strives to make public today the lack of disaster risk reduction (DRR) programme in Somalia.
Droughts and floods are the two dominant hazards affecting the majority of the country.The impact of the drought can be seen across Somalia in the alarmingly high levels of food insecurity and malnutrition found in many areas.
Mr. Abdullahi Mohamed Nur who heads the Global Civil Society Network (GNDR) national disaster programmes body in Somalia and the Community Empowerment for Peace and Integrated Development(CEPID-Horn Africa) said” One of the key uncertainties surrounding the impacts of a changing climate in CentralSomalia is the effect that it will have on the water resources. Climate change is having a multitude of immediate and long-term impacts on water resources in the study area and these include flooding, drought, sea-level rise, drying up of rivers, poor water quality in surface and groundwater systems, precipitation and water vapour pattern distortions. These effects when compounded together have devastating impacts on ecosystems and communities, ranging from economic and social impacts to health and food insecurity, all of which threaten the continued existence of many regions in Somalia.
He added that the vulnerability varies according to individual regions, geographical positioning and the capacity to mitigate or adapt to the changes. Understanding the impacts of climate change on water resources is, therefore, of critical importance, yet is often ignored in development debates, including those on water supply and management. This paper attempts to fill in some of the gaps about the climate change effects on water recourse and identify the most pressing research needs.
Mr. Abdullahi Mohamed Nur has been the leading DRR and environmental protection activist since 1996.
SOMESHA needs to draw attention to DRR Resilience programmes in Somalia as it wants to point the importance of obtaining Community Based DRR projects because the Community based disaster risk reduction (CBDRR) holds the same merit that community based adaptation does: ownership and sustainability.